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Honduras Government


Honduras is a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Honduras is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Congress of Honduras. The party system is dominated by the conservative National Party of Honduras and the liberal Liberal Party of Honduras. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

The 1987 constitution of Honduras provides for a strong executive, a unicameral National Congress, and a judiciary appointed by the National Congress. The National Congress of Honduras (Congreso Nacional) has 128 members (diputados), elected for four year term by proportional representation; congressional seats are assigned the parties' candidates on a departmental basis in proportion to the number of votes each party receives.

The judiciary includes a Supreme Court of Justice (Corte Suprema de Justicia), courts of appeal and several courts of original jurisdiction – such as labour, tax and criminal courts. The judges of the Supreme Court of Justice, are elected for four-year terms by the National Congress.

Reinforced by the media and several political watchdog organisations, human rights and civil liberties are reasonably well protected. There are no known political prisoners in Honduras and the privately owned media frequently exercises its right to criticise without fear of reprisals. Organised labour now represents less than 15% of the work force and its economic and political influence has declined.

Administratively, Honduras is divided into 18 departments, with departmental and municipal officials selected for four-year terms.


Country name
conventional long form: Republic of Honduras
conventional short form: Honduras
local long form: Republica de Honduras
local short form: Honduras

Government type
democratic constitutional republic

name: Tegucigalpa
geographic coordinates: 14 06 N, 87 13 W
time difference: UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November

Administrative divisions
18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro

15 September 1821 (from Spain)

National holiday
Independence Day, 15 September (1821)

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