Transnational Issues in Honduras, Honduras Dispute - Allo' Expat Honduras
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Transnational Issues
 
 
 
 
 

Disputes – International

International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of bolsones (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border in 1992 with final settlement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States (OAS) survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003. The 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific. El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned in the ICJ ruling, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca.

Honduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize in its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Guatemala consent to a maritime corridor in the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum.

Memorials and counter-memorials were filed by the parties in Nicaragua's 1999 and 2001 proceedings against Honduras and Colombia at the ICJ over the maritime boundary and territorial claims in the western Caribbean Sea. Final public hearings are scheduled for 2007.

Illicit Drugs

Honduras is a transshipment point for drugs and narcotics, and an llicit producer of cannabis, cultivated on small plots and used principally for local consumption. Corruption is a major problem in Honduras, as well as some money-laundering activity.